Certified ethical hackers use the tools and knowledge of malicious attackers to uncover vulnerabilities in an organization’s networks. A CEH evaluates the security status of the target system and then executes the corrective, preventive, or protective actions to ensure that the system is secure before a breach occurs.
EC Council CEH certification can be used to secure a wide range of systems. Hacking refers to finding vulnerabilities and using them to gain unauthorized access to the system. This can include stealing data or deleting files. Hacking is an illegal activity that can have severe consequences if it is done without proper approvals. Hacking has led to people being sentenced to years in prison.
Hacking is legal when done with permission. Organizations often hire hackers to hack into their systems to find vulnerabilities and weak endpoints that can be fixed. This is done to protect against criminal hackers. These hackers hack into systems with permission and without malicious intent. This technique is called ethical hacking.
Career Opportunities after you earn your CEH certification
After obtaining the CEH certification, there are many career options.
1) Ethical Hacker
An ethical hacker is a computer and networking expert who attempts to access a company’s network or computer systems on behalf of its owners. Terrorist organizations have been funding cybercriminals to hack into security systems to either compromise national security features or extort large amounts of money by infusing malware and denying access. Cybercrime is on the rise. Hack-preventing techniques must be upgraded and new technologies installed to protect the system from hackers.
The responsibilities and roles of an ethical hacker:
- Identifying security flaws
- Regular penetration testing
- Create an actionable assessment report
- Ensure that security tools are updated
- Sensitization of employees to the latest social engineering attacks
2) Security Auditor
An organization appoints a security auditor to audit its security systems. After the audit is complete, the Security Auditor will give a detailed report on information systems to an organization. This allows the organization to make any necessary corrections to improve the security system. The Security Auditor may work as an individual or in a group.
The responsibilities and roles of a Security Auditor:
- Organizational security audits are planned, executed, and managed by the security auditor.
- Interviewing employees to assess the security measures in place
- Generate an auditing report
- Identifying and fixing vulnerabilities in networks and systems
- Examine and evaluate the application controls
3) Security Analyst
Data security specialists are also known as data security analysts. They plan and implement security measures to protect data and networks within an organization. They are available to help employees of the company and teach them about security protocols. They usually work under the direction of an information technology manager.
The responsibilities and roles of a Security Analyst:
- To protect sensitive information, install firewalls and other security tools within the network.
- To ensure that the organization can respond to the attack and mitigate any potential risks
- Planning for post-recovery and incident response
- To teach employees and users the essential security protocols
- Audits both internal and external to verify the security of the entire organization
- Staying current with security trends and standards
4) Penetration Tester
A penetration tester is responsible for identifying and exploiting weaknesses in the network or systems of an organization. After performing the penetration test, a penetration tester creates an assessment report that identifies the potential mitigation risks.
The responsibilities and roles of a Penetration Tester:
- Determining the scope and goals of the penetration test
- Planning and creation of penetration testing methods
- Remote or on-site testing of client’s networks or systems
- To evaluate the test’s output, meet with external or internal users
- Analyzing the effects of vulnerabilities on business
- Collecting your results and findings from the test to create the report
5) Vulnerability Analyst
An organization hires a vulnerability analyst to find and fix vulnerabilities in its network and software programs. This is a critical position that protects the company from external threats. The role of the vulnerability analyst differs from that of the pentester. While a pentester finds vulnerabilities and exploits them, a vulnerability analyst fixes those vulnerabilities.
The responsibilities and roles of a Vulnerability Analyst:
- Run custom scripts or applications to identify system vulnerabilities
- Create, test, and refine custom scripts for vulnerability assessment
- Track vulnerabilities over time and compile them to measure the effectiveness of strategies.
- Develop and maintain policies, procedures, training, and programs for vulnerability management
- Stakeholders should be involved in promoting best practices in network security and software security.
- Assess and ensure compliance with regulations and organizational directives
6) Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)
Chief information security is a C-level position in an organization. The CISO manages the organization’s security infrastructure. They also ensure the security of critical information assets.
The responsibilities and roles of a CISO:
- Hiring Security professionals
- Assisting in coordination across multiple levels of an organization’s structure
- Organize awareness campaigns for employees
- The organization’s security budget
- Security IOTs and managing enterprise risks are all part of the job.
As the world shifts towards digital economies, ethical hacking will see exponential growth in the next few years. The developing industries of every industry are going to employ cybersecurity specialists as CEH to keep their systems secure from black hat hackers.
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